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MOTHER GUIDE: Your Baby Feeding from birth to 6 month’s year’s old

Are you pregnant and soon giving birth? Or are you a first time mom? Are you stressed and confused regarding feeding your infant?
First, you have to get rid of all those concerns for feeding newborn babies until they become able to eat by themselves. Feeding your infant doesn’t need experience or a degree in nutrition. Second, all what you need to know are the basics and needs of your baby. In today’s article, we’ll guide you to identify the amounts, kinds, and the healthy and unhealthy choices which help in developing your baby during his/her first year of life.
First things first:
In the first year of your babies’ life, they need a balanced food schedule that provides 110 calories per each kilogram of their weights.
In their second year, they need 100 calories/ kg daily.
From year 2 until year 6, they need about 80-90 calories/ kg.
For adults the calories drop to 40-50 per kilogram of their weights.
Energy sources for both children and adults are alike: proteins- carbohydrates- fats

It’s distributed as the following:
50% of energy provided from carbohydrates (sugar- starch)
50% of energy provided from proteins
25% of energy provided from fats
Therefore, energy sources should be distributed in the body from these three sources, because lacking one of them can lead to health problems and can affect the normal growth of your child.
Do you know that:
1 g protein gives 4 calories
1 g carbohydrate gives 4 calories
1 g fat gives 9 calories

In the first part of the baby food schedule, we will highlight the foods in the baby’s first year:
In the first year of the baby, the foods are consisted of three main types:
Breast milk or formula and quantities and times differ according to the baby’s age and weight.
Various servings of fruits and vegetables.
Meat, eggs, cereals, legumes, and dairy products.
The right food: it’s a balanced healthy food based on the quality not the quantity. It has equal amounts of proteins, carbohydrates and fats and it gives the body the required amount of water, vitamins, and minerals which provide the needed calories for the body.

How can you choose the right amount and time to feed your infant?
In case of breast-feeding:
On the first day, breastfeed your baby every 3 hours or possibly from 2 hours to 4 hours since the digesting process needs 2 hours and then after that the stomach becomes ready for another milk meal.

In case of formula feeding, there are 2 ways to measure the milk:
1- Measuring according to age in the first month only.
2- Measuring according to weight
Before talking about the details of the monthly food schedule, here are some instructions worth mentioning:
Whenever you’re feeding new food to your baby, give it gradually, for example, let the baby have about 20 grams or medium-sized tablespoon on the first day and complement it with natural milk or formula according to the food type. Then increase the amount gradually in the following days while reducing the amount of milk until you totally replace it by milk.
Don’t feed your baby 2 new foods on the same day. You can let the baby have the new food after a week of getting used to the first food.
Feed the baby before the milk & not after it.
Table of Baby’s Doses of Milk Powder in the First Month
Table of Baby’s Doses of Milk Powder in the First Month
You must follow the written instructions for amounts of milk and water.
Table of Milk Doses for the Second, Third, and Forth Months: Breastfeeding or formula feeding continues every 3 hours:
7 Feedings Food Schedule:
6 Feedings Food Schedule:
Food Schedule for Infants in the Fifth Month:
Now you’ll introduce real foods to your baby at the age of 5 months. You should feed the baby every 4 hours as shown below:
Food Schedule for Infants in the Sixth Month:
Let the baby have new meals: cereals (rice- wheat) - yogurt
​​​Hala ​ Aburayya
Hala works as a health educator within the project of supporting people living in the marginalized areas of Gaza Strip. She follows a healthy lifestyle, along with her family, and adopts healthy eating habits and behaviors. Hala is interested in writing about disease prevention and product analysis .